You’ve probably heard about the link between exposure to mold and cancer, but how do you know if the claims are true? The news usually blames certain kinds of mold, such as Stachybotrys, Aspergillus, and Aspergillus fumigatus, for making us sick. There is no hard evidence linking these species to serious illness, and researchers are still trying to understand their effects. Listed below are some of the most common types of mold.

Aspergillosis

When a person is infected with aspergillomas, the infection spreads from the lungs into the bloodstream. The infection can spread to other organs, such as the gastrointestinal tract, and can be fatal if left untreated. People with weakened immune systems are particularly susceptible to invasive aspergillosis, and they may be taking broad-spectrum antibiotics or immunosuppressive drugs such as corticosteroids. Other conditions may also impair neutrophil function and make a person more susceptible to Aspergillus.

Although aspergillomas are distinctive symptoms of aspergillosis, they are similar to those of other illnesses, such as anthrax, nocardiosis, and fusariosis. Some people with aspergillosis do not experience any symptoms for years, but if they do, they may develop chest pain, wheezing, or hemoptysis.

Aspergillosis can be a serious problem, with symptoms ranging from pain and itchiness to fever and a loss of appetite. The infection may also spread to the brain, and can cause bone loss in the face. Aspergillosis is often asymptomatic, but severe cases may develop invasive aspergillosis. For those with aspergillosis, treatment will depend on the specific disease.

Aspergillus mold can cause serious health problems, including asthma and lung disease. In 2009, the World Health Organization (WHO) published a study that linked early exposure to mold with an increased risk of asthma in children. An even more severe reaction to exposure to the mold is known as invasive aspergillosis. Aspergillosis spreads from the lungs to the heart and organs, and it is more common in people with weakened immune systems. It can be difficult to identify the type of mold you are exposed to or whether you inhaled mold spores.

Infected tissue can be examined for fungal growth. The tissue sample is sent to a laboratory for fungal culture. This test determines if you have a fungal infection and how effective antifungal medication may be. However, there are still some risk factors. A negative fungal culture may be a sign of an infection. So, it is important to consult a physician if you suspect you are suffering from Aspergillosis.

Stachybotrys

The toxic black mold Stachybotrys chartarum is associated with the health problems known as “sick building syndrome” and “stachybotryotoxicosis”. It is capable of producing two distinct chemotypes: one produces highly toxic macrocyclic trichothecenes, and the other forms toxic but less potent compounds. Exposure may be through direct contact, ingestion, or inhalation.

The toxic fungus spores present in Stachybotrys mold have been found in sinus tissues from a leukemia patient. Although toxic mold is not infectious, the City of Hope scientists found a patient’s sinuses contained this mold. They published their findings in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases. The CDC notes that all molds are potentially harmful and recommends seeking medical attention if you develop symptoms.

The black mold, Stachybotrys chartarum, is a type of fungus and is commonly found indoors. This species produces satratoxin, a type of mycotoxin, which has been linked to illness in some people. Black mold is a common indoor mold and does not pose a major health risk if the presence of this species is limited. Symptoms of exposure to this mold include pulmonary hemorrhage and memory loss, but this is not linked to cancer.

Exposure to Stachybotrys mold is hazardous because of its spores, which are very sticky and are not easily airborne. They are also capable of producing other contaminants that cause illness in people who have been exposed. Mycotoxins are the most dangerous of these toxins because they affect the body’s immune system and can even cause cancer. If your home is home to a Stachybotrys mold colony, you need to take steps to prevent it from growing.

Aspergillus

There are many people who are at risk for aspergillosis, or cancer caused by Aspergillus mold. People with HIV or other immune disorders, those who have used corticosteroids, or people with an underlying medical condition can also develop aspergillosis. Traumatic injury or contaminated medical equipment can also increase a person’s risk for aspergillosis.

Invasive aspergillosis is a major cause of mortality in immunocompromised individuals. Although the disease is curable, a patient may suffer relapses over time, because the fungi can develop resistance to antifungals. The length of the disease depends on the patient’s health and underlying problems. The invasive form of the disease may require steroid treatment for months, and the allergic form may require treatment for life.

The World Health Organization found a link between early exposure to mold and increased asthma risk in children. Aspergillosis is the more severe form of the infection and can spread to other organs and the brain. People with weakened immune systems are at risk for invasive aspergillosis. Invasive aspergillosis cannot be diagnosed through blood tests, and there is still no certainty about when a person was exposed to mold spores.

Aspergillus species are known to affect humans in two main ways. One is the allergic bronchopulmonary form, which usually occurs in people with chronic asthma and cystic fibrosis. Aspergillus allergy manifests as coughing with blood, or brown-colored mucus. Some patients may also experience breathing difficulties and fever. It is possible for Aspergillus mold to invade other organs, including the lungs and the heart.

Aspergillus fumigatus

The discovery that Aspergillus fumigatus may induce cancer may provide a new avenue to develop anti-fungal therapies. Fumigillin (Fum), a cyclohexane derivative produced by the fungus, inhibits the formation of new blood vessels, and reduces the number of neutrophils in the body. In addition to inhibiting cytokines, GT and FUM also inhibit the activity of neutrophils and slow down the beating of cilia. Aspergillus fumigatus produces these compounds during the early stages of infection and immunoassays, and they increase their production at 37 degC under high oxygen.

The disease is triggered by the inhalation of microscopic conidiaspores. These spores can infect people in large numbers. Most of us breathe in hundreds of conidiospores every day. When inhaled, these spores encounter airway epithelial cells and initiate an immune response. Aspergillus fumigatus then penetrates the endothelium of blood vessels and becomes an angiotrophic fungus.

Infection caused by Aspergillus fumigatus occurs mainly in people with chronic pulmonary diseases and damaged lungs. Occasionally, it can infect the sinuses or ear canals. Chronic diseases of the lungs cause mold spores to accumulate in the lung cavity. It can also invade tuberculosis and colonize the lung. When the fungus invades the lungs, the cells produce pro-inflammatory cytokines, attracting neutrophils, macrophages, and dendritic cells.

Infection with aspergillus can lead to invasive aspergillosis. People with HIV infection and weakened immune systems are at increased risk of developing aspergillomas. Exposure to the fungus is more common in people who are taking antibiotics, immunosuppressive medications, or suffering from cavity-inducing disease. Those with weak immune systems are at the highest risk for invasive aspergillosis.

Aspergillus niger

The fungus Aspergillus niger has the ability to produce several useful compounds. Among them are glycoside hydrolases, which are used to turn plant matter into biofuels. These enzymes break plant cell walls and turn them into second-generation ethanol. Additionally, Aspergillus species are used to produce pharmaceutical products and bioactive metabolites. The fungus is one of the most studied groups of fungi.

Aspergillus niger has also been associated with the development of cancer. Recently, a patient with gastric cancer and Aspergillus niger bloodstream infection was hospitalized for blood transfusion failure and a massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage. While conservative treatment failed, digital subtraction angiography revealed that the bleeding originated from the gastroduodenal artery. Arterial embolization with gelatin sponges was unsuccessful. Voriconazole was prescribed and the patient was cured.

In vitro testing of tissues containing Aspergillus niger is a gold standard for diagnosis. The test will show whether the organism is present in the tissue and if it is resistant to antibiotics or not. A positive test will suggest the presence of invasive aspergillosis. However, it is important to note that a negative test does not rule out chronic pulmonary aspergillosis.

If Aspergillus niger is found in the lung, it can grow throughout the body. Besides lung disease, it can also affect the central nervous system and other organs. In patients with compromised immune systems, the infection may spread quickly throughout the body. This can lead to invasive aspergillosis, a type of cancer caused by the fungus Aspergillus niger.